In contrast to conventional hemostats, in which a gauze bandage or wound dressing is soaked or coated with a haemostatic (coagulating) agent, ChitoSAM® 100 consists of 100% chitosan. An additional carrier material is not necessary due to the special processing. As a result, the haemostatic effect is 25% higher than with classic chitosan products.
Active ingredient chitosan
Chitosan, also known as Poliglusam, Poly-D-Glucosamine or Polyglucosamine, is a natural biopolymer from the polysaccharide family that was first obtained in 1859 by boiling chitin with caustic potash. Chitosan is also used in cosmetics and industry as well as in medicine as a hemostatic agent and as an absorbable suture material. In contrast to other hemostatics (hemotyptics), chitosan does not activate the body's own blood coagulation factors. The haemostatic effect is based on several properties:
- High absorption capacity: binding of liquids, fats and proteins
- film forming
- Concentration of coagulation factors and blood solids in the wound due to dehydration/binding
- Electrophysiological reaction = cationically charged chitosan also promotes the concentration of anionically charged blood coagulation factors in the wound
Chitosan also works reliably at lower blood temperatures or when anticoagulants such as marcumar or heparin are used.
Application of ChitoSAM 100
The ChitoSAM tissue is pressed directly onto the bleeding wound for several minutes. Blood and wound fluid are bound and a blockage occurs. This is a great advantage for later wound treatment in a rescue center or clinic, as the gel-like plug can be easily removed. Due to the high absorption capacity of the active ingredient, care must be taken in the event of head injuries that the dressing material does not come into contact with the eyes.
ChitoSAM 100 is non-toxic, anti-allergenic, 100% biodegradable and can therefore be used without hesitation.